Just tying some of the above comments together:
1) Increasing automation is likely - and likely cheaper in a lot of manufacturing cases to hire machines rather than people to do jobs.
2) As John K. says powerful unions are bitterly opposed. But I'm not sure there are any powerful unions left? Even the UAW doesn't have the power it had decades ago.
3) Rich world consumers (bryan-machine's post above) want more and more function from products - thus increasing costs, energy inputs, resources etc. required. Poor world countries want to catch up.
4) Seems to me the old economic notion that we'd always figure out ways to have infinite compound growth (say, 3% a year forever) are beginning to butt into physical limits. I'm part way through a book ("Collision Course") which, so far, details what-most-economists-and-politicians- think (we measure progress by physical growth and there are no limits) vs. what most-physicists-etc.-think (there are only so many resources up for grabs on a finite planet) about continuing the pace of growth of the past 200 years for the next xxx? years.
Periodic boom and bust - latest with the pandemic - shows the economy and health systems aren't as robust as we might have thought. Debt burden is increasing - some now think it's no big deal.
We won't likely be burning fossil fuels for energy at the current rate for the next 100 years. Solar is theoretically in plentiful supply for the next zillion years, but solar panels and base load systems maybe not so much.
Depending on where you are, we're seeing dramatic price rises in everything from the price of lumber (recently), the availability of good sand for concrete, clean water for some cities, rare earth minerals for advanced electro-mechanical stuff, good top soil for agriculture, phosphorus for fertilizers, places to store our trash, depleted fisheries, etc.
As just an aside, with the jokes about "made from billet," apparently each of our 330 million in the US uses an average of half a metric ton of aluminum. That's been getting more expensive as well.
Where all that leaves the future of work for the next couple generations . . . ?
Seems to me that we want to keep creating jobs for people and "growing" our economies - but maybe not in ways that depend on ever-greater energy and resource inputs designed, engineered, and built into throw-away products?