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Using a double wye wound motor with star points connected together

Brian Campbell

Plastic
Joined
Dec 14, 2021
Hello

The power supply I have coming in is two legs of a three phase system, two phases 120 degrees apart. This system is unheard of in usa but is what we have in New Zealand on some rural properties (Australia also)

Im just wanting to get peoples opinions on using a double wye wound motor with the star points connected together as a rpc converter

I have all the parts now to build my rpc, im am using four smaller wye wound motors with a staggered start between them.

The wye wound motors will self start with there star points connected to neutral.

Im just wanting to check if the baldoor motor pictured can be wired up to be self starting also with the star points connected to neutral. Some people have commented if the two sets of windings aren't wound exactly the same it could be a problem.

baldoor 1.jpgbaldoor 2.jpgbaldoor 3.jpg
 

J_R_Thiele

Stainless
Joined
Jan 22, 2003
Location
Columbia Missouri
Given that Baldor has that specific connection on the motor itself- it should work OK for that specific motor.

I do not know about all motors- but I trust Baldor.
 

Strostkovy

Stainless
Joined
Oct 29, 2017
Should be fine but I can look at the nameplate in further detail after work.

The two out of three phase power supply is actually pretty common in the US. Large complexes such as schools may have one three phase service, and then only 2 phases and a neutral run to transformers that then supply the panels in the individual buildings.
 

Brian Campbell

Plastic
Joined
Dec 14, 2021
Thanks for the replys, I probably should have been clearer, is it ok to have both star points connected together and also hooked up to the neutral? to help generate the third phase

I have looked in to transformers instead of a rpc to convert the two phases and neutral I have in to three phase but have found few specific details.
 

J_R_Thiele

Stainless
Joined
Jan 22, 2003
Location
Columbia Missouri
Two phase to three phase conversion in New Zealand

Go to post #55 on the 3rd page to JST's post of 1-14-22.

It states"
"With two sets of windings, there is always the question of connecting the star points together, and whether there is anything against doing that. The argument against is that the windings are probably not identical, and so the star point voltages may not be the same. That would cause extra current to flow.

You really do not need to connect the two of them together. My reasoning here is that with an idler, the max power requirement is only 1/3 of full shaft power, as it supplies only the power for one of the three lines.

One set of windings will adequately handle the draw for that, and the 3 phase will work at full current because the 3 wires are connected to both windings. So I would connect one wye point to neutral, and let the other one "float". All three line wires connect as usual. (the winding for the unconnected star point will still work just as they would in an RPC with no neutral)"


My interpretation of the above is that the set of windings with the neutral will start the motor spinning without the need for start capacitors or an external "pony" motor. The set of windings without the neutral will generate the 3rd leg in the same way an RPC does in the USA, being fed 240 volt single phase current. If it will self start this way you are all set. If it does not...

MY suggestion, based on a dangerous combination of ignorance and audacity (don't say I did not warn you) is to do the below.
Hook up the motor as the nameplate indicates with both neutrals isolated. Spin it up with a pony motor and put the power to it so it runs as a "USA" type phase converter. After it is running- use a meter to see if there actually IS voltage between the two neutrals. If there is, and you have an ammeter, see how many amps. If no significant volts or amps are found, hook both neutrals together and to the utility neutral, and you have your self starting RPC.
 

Strostkovy

Stainless
Joined
Oct 29, 2017
Who cares if the windings are slightly different. If they are then one will pull slightly less current than the other. Better in any case than just using one set. IMO, of course.
 

johansen

Stainless
Joined
Aug 16, 2014
Location
bainbridge island
when I did a test with a 3hp 9 wire motor, it would not start on half of its coils, when connected to 208 3 phase. with both sets of coils, it starts up and ran fine. I did not have access to the star point of the second set of coils, as it was a 9 wire motor.

longer post is here
https://www.practicalmachinist.com/...on-new-zealand-398442/index4.html#post3880611


in conclusion:

The motor's open circuit voltage across phase C when used as an rpc was 101 volts out of 122 volts, or 16% voltage drop. (this is a pretty typical open circuit value with no capacitors, its just I'm measuring the third phase produced by the third motor coil alone, rather than the phase to phase voltages.

A 3.4 amp load (500 watt halogen 120v bulb) dropped the voltage to 82 volts. or 31.6% voltage drop.
When the neutral star point of the motor was connected to the grid neutral, the voltage was 92 volts under a 3.6 amp load. 23.3% voltage drop.
Adjusting for the 5% increased increased amps, the voltage drop was 22%, a 33% improvement.

The motor would not start with half of the windings connected to a 3 phase supply. (so i connected all of them to three phase for startup but then disconnected the set of windings of which i didn't have access to the star point for the above 500 watt load)

Nor would the motor start on 2 of its windings connected to 2 phases of 3p supply with neutral connected to the grid. Perhaps it would with both but i didn't bring out the hidden star point.


I will repeat this test with a 5hp 12 wire motor when i have time.


there was no significant extra waste heat produced by connecting the neutral of one set of windings to the grid's neutral, at no load.
 
Last edited:

Brian Campbell

Plastic
Joined
Dec 14, 2021
Thanks for the replies and input, it has given me some options I hadn't thought of.

I will be starting other conventionally wound wye motors in a staggered start before starting the Baldoor motor shown above. (I am using four smaller wye motors in total in my RPC to give me the needed capacity)

Given that I don't need the neutral connected for starting purposes (as the motor can start of the generated three phase power provided by the other motors) is there any advantage at all in hooking up the star points to neutral?

Some people have mentioned the three phase generated will be more "rigid" if connecting the neutral and that the motor wont have to work as hard to generate the third leg?
 

JST

Diamond
Joined
Jun 16, 2001
Location
St Louis
With the wye point not connected to neutral, the total voltage is dependent n the voltage (and voltage drops) in all the windings, since the "virtual star point" is established by all working together. The virtual star point" may be different from true neutral.

With the star point connected to neutral, the voltage from neutral to the generated leg is dependent only on the voltage in one phase winding. That is likely to make it a bit more steady.

The motor will never develop full voltage in the generated leg unless it is modified. There are two main reasons:

First, the motor always runs just slow enough that the generated voltage (back EMF) in any leg is enough lower than the applied voltage to allow the required current to flow. That current flows depending on the difference between the back EMF and the applied voltage. As the motor comes under more load, it slows enough to allow even more current to flow, so there is a load-dependent drop in voltage.

Second, since the 3 phase idler is being supplied with single phase, the rotor current is reducing during part of each rotation, because there is less, or no applied voltage (single phase goes to zero twice per cycle). So losses reduce the current in the rotor when the applied current is lower, and the strength of the magnetic field the current creates is also reduced. Lower magnetic field leads to less generated voltage.
 

Brian Campbell

Plastic
Joined
Dec 14, 2021
Thanks for the replies and feedback.

I have all the components to build my RPC using four smaller wye motors, I have a 24v power supply, 24v coil contactors, motor overloads, 8 N/C and N/O push buttons, four idler motors and I have welded a frame to house everything in with the motors flange mounted vertically.

I am however months off getting the two phases out to my shed were I can do some measuring between the two star points. I am wondering I if should try and source another conventionally wound wye motor in the mean time. I would like to use the Baldoor as it has the biggest hp rating out of the idler motors but only if safe to do so.

The baldoor document above shows the motor in a series wye arrangement in the schematic. I will be hooking the motor up in the medium voltage setting shown on the drawing above. Going off the way the coils are labelled I believe the motor will be hooked up in parallel wye in this configuration, happy to be corrected if wrong.

I have attached a couple of pictures to help visualise it, just wondering if any other motors have both there star points connected together commonly?
 

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Dag S K

Aluminum
Joined
Aug 22, 2007
Location
Norway
Hi I have looked trough what I have of Australian documentation, and did not find that 2 phase supply, but I guess you know that better than me. If you have the Neutral, and the 2 phases (witch should give approx 240V between phase and N, and 415V between the 2 phases) you have enough of the Y (star) to get out the third phase from your motor. A flywheel may even stabilize the output.
 

johansen

Stainless
Joined
Aug 16, 2014
Location
bainbridge island
Hi I have looked trough what I have of Australian documentation, and did not find that 2 phase supply, but I guess you know that better than me. If you have the Neutral, and the 2 phases (witch should give approx 240V between phase and N, and 415V between the 2 phases) you have enough of the Y (star) to get out the third phase from your motor. A flywheel may even stabilize the output.
No one in Australia has 2 phase supply, they are just referring to 2 out of the 3 phases delivered in a 240/415Y service.
The question is, does connecting the motor neutral to the grid neutral produce a self starting motor. One person reported it did, my experience with a 3hp motor oh half it's windings, it did not.

You can also use two 240:240: isolation transformers to drive 3 phase from 2/3Y service. (Make sure the neutral can handle the extra current)

However, I did get a 33% improvement by connecting the motor neutral to the grid neutral, on a 208y supply with a 240v 3hp motor, running on 2/3 phase
 

Strostkovy

Stainless
Joined
Oct 29, 2017
No one in Australia has 2 phase supply, they are just referring to 2 out of the 3 phases delivered in a 240/415Y service.
The question is, does connecting the motor neutral to the grid neutral produce a self starting motor. One person reported it did, my experience with a 3hp motor oh half it's windings, it did not.

You can also use two 240:240: isolation transformers to drive 3 phase from 2/3Y service. (Make sure the neutral can handle the extra current)

However, I did get a 33% improvement by connecting the motor neutral to the grid neutral, on a 208y supply with a 240v 3hp motor, running on 2/3 phase
I know that connecting a delta wound motor to two phases and neutral will get it to start and idle fine, but will trip the breaker if you try to put much of a load on it. Our high school did not have a very competent maintenance department, and were not qualified to wire up a table saw.
 

JST

Diamond
Joined
Jun 16, 2001
Location
St Louis
No one in Australia has 2 phase supply, they are just referring to 2 out of the 3 phases delivered in a 240/415Y service.
,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,
Where do you get that?

They are supplied 2 phases out of three. That's two phases, whether you use them that way or not.

And, they are "enough" to get a rotating field, but not as good at it (obviously) as having all three phases. The phase shift is larger than that supplied by a start capacitor on a single phase motor. Might be "too good".... the 120 degree phasing is closer to 180 deg than a traditional 90 degree "two phase" supply.

Since the traditional 90 deg shift converts directly to 3 phase, it is not surprising if the 120 deg shift is not as good.

As for popping the breaker..... a breaker sized to supply a certain total power via 3 phase is not likely to be adequate to supply the same power on 2 instead of 3 phase wires.
 

johansen

Stainless
Joined
Aug 16, 2014
Location
bainbridge island
I know that connecting a delta wound motor to two phases and neutral will get it to start and idle fine, but will trip the breaker if you try to put much of a load on it. Our high school did not have a very competent maintenance department, and were not qualified to wire up a table saw.
I will have to try that. My guess is you get a phase shift and thus a rotating field, due to forcing current to flow through the motor the wrong way, I'm surprised it didn't burn up.


As for the other 2 comments. Can you read?

No one in Australia and very, very few people have 2 phase supply. (90ndegree phase shift) And thermite you are wrong: legit 2 phase can be delivered on 3 wires. For example i made a transformer setup to deliver (from a 240v vfd) 2 phase 110/130vac on 3 wires to drive a 1 ton "single phase" 1 ton r22 compressor. Phase to neutral voltage was 110, 130. phase to phase is 170vac. (Sqr root of 110^2 + 130^2)

Many in America and Australia and other countries have 2 out of 3 phases delivered, (208/120 or 415/240) and the question that came up in this thread and others, is does connecting the motor neutral to the grid neutral produce any benefit.
 

JST

Diamond
Joined
Jun 16, 2001
Location
St Louis
,,,,,,,,,,,,,


As for the other 2 comments. Can you read?

No one in Australia and very, very few people have 2 phase supply. (90ndegree phase shift) .....
90 degree is "traditional 2 phase". That is not the only phase angle possible for "2 phase".

Two phases are being delivered if you have 2 out of 3 wires from 3 phase, plus a neutral. There is a phase angle between the two phases (we are looking at them as "Y").

Therefore, the motor can be started because there is a rotating magnetic field created by those two phases. It is two phase power, just not the type you think of. But, it's probably not as good as 90 degree 2 phase power.

It is a rare single phase motor that delivers precise 90 degree phase shift from the start capacitor. But they do start. And run.

The OP has many options. One decent option is to just use the two phases he has as single phase power, and make a traditional RPC.

Another is to do something similar, but use the motor in Y and avoid the start circuit. That is what he has apparently settled on, and should be fine.

Yet another is to just use a VFD.

"Getting off the dime" can be a problem in such cases. Here, it seems he already knows that the other motors will do as planned, and just needed to know if another specific one will, which seems to be the case. No surprise that they will do what is needed.

The good news is that any RPC, including the one apparently planned, never has to supply more than 1/3 of the net power required by the various machines being run by it. So it should be pretty much "loafing".

Not only that, but a Y motor used in this way, will draw power on two windings, and put it out on the third, independently... Meaning that the inputs are line to neutral, and the output is also developed line to neutral. That should be a more stable configuration than is typically available to people in the US, and it is all due to the fact that the neutral in his system is a true neutral.

In the US, the "neutral" of the motor windings is not at ground, and thus cannot be used.
 








 
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