Some WWII reading material---Bendix--For free.
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  1. #1
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    Default Some WWII reading material---Bendix--For free.

    I was going through some material I have and found this. These were printed every two weeks for the workers at Bendix in Philadelphia during the war. This magazine is in great shape and if you want it PM me your mailing address and I will send it to you free. Maybe you had a father or grandfather who worked there. Bendix in Philadelphia. When I hear Bendix I think brakes but evidently they made aviation stuff also. Check the pics. It is dated June 19, 1944. First come first served. Thanks.


    100_1510.jpg100_1511.jpg100_1512.jpg

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    A fellow PMer laid claims to this. Thanks to all.

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    According to Google maps the building is still there and has a full parking lot!

    Google Maps

    Bendix was a huge builder of Aircraft instruments. They were known for there turn & Bank indicators and I believe they were the first Co. to manufacture an automatic pilot.

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    And heaps and heaps of magnetos, starters and generators for the round engines of all sizes

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    Also Bendix made aircraft gun turrets. I have my father's certificate attesting to his having attended The Bendix School of Aircraft Turrets, South Bend, Indiana. It's dated August 1, 1941.

    David

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    And in addition they made tons of electrical connectors of various types - where I retired from we used a lot of them. John is right, as usual.

    Plant that made the magnetos and other ignition back in the day expanded into connectors later on. Was located in Sidney, NY - a very small town in Delaware County. Typical of the work and technology that was scattered across upstate NY in the 20th century that is now gone. Below is from a Delaware County web site. Plant started in mid 20s with just a few workers and actually grew significantly in mid 30s to about 750, a rarity. Started as Scintilla and then Bendix bought but locals used the Scintilla moniker for a long time.

    By 1942, the crucial need for wartime engine parts had increased its work force to 4000.
    Women’s wages started at 35 cents and men at 50 cents per hour. Large numbers of employees
    came from all over Delaware County, as well as from surrounding counties using bicycles, autos,
    buses and even trains. In 1944, there were over 8600 employees working around the clock
    providing the best magnetos and ignition products for planes, tanks and even PT boats. In
    comparison to 1940, the entire population of Delaware was just fewer than 41,000 people.

    Amphenol bought the connector business and built a new plant after the flood about 10 years ago and the old plant is now gone.

    Dale

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    Still have a "wind-up" starter (non electrical or inertial ) starter - I'll have to see if they made it

    This is the one you can see the ground crew winding these up for all they are worth in old movies / films

    I'll have to see if they made it
    Yep - an old Eclispe Series 11. Eclipse was a division of Bendix - states it was made in Bendix, New Jersey (a part time name for Teterboro ).

    These are the hand cranked jobs with the amazing step up gearing that gets a 7" flywheel going like crazy before you engage the starter clutch - assuming you have a few stalwarts outside the aircraft willing to crank it up to speed
    Last edited by johnoder; 04-18-2021 at 04:09 PM.

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    It would be nice, if the recipient could scan them in and post them for all to read.

    Instead of ending up in a private collection.

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    Quote Originally Posted by johnoder View Post
    Yep - an old Eclispe Series 11. Eclipse was a division of Bendix - states it was made in Bendix, New Jersey (a part time name for Teterboro ).
    As usual John has interesting insight! And there was the Eclipse plant in Elmira Heights that made fuel pumps and I don't know what else. That is closer than Sidney to me, only 18 miles or so. So I looked it up and cut and pasted the below - see below

    During World War II, the Eclipse plant in Elmira Heights was part of the United States’ “arsenal for democracy.” Eclipse started making bicycles and coaster brakes at the plant in 1895. In 1938, the company became a division of the Bendix Aviation Corp. and began the switch from producing bicycle parts and engine starters to ordnance for the war effort. Over the course of the war, Eclipse Machine Division produced anti-aircraft shells, automatic time fuzes for the anti-aircraft shells, and 20mm aircraft cannons. It also continued to make Bendix starter drives for military vehicles, as well as, aircraft magnetos and fuel injection pumps for the B-29 Super-Fortress.

    The wartime production boom created thousands of jobs in the area. In January 1940, the Eclipse Machine Division employed 715 people. Just three years later, in January 1943, it hit its peak payroll of 8,594 workers. Most areas of the country were suffering from a labor shortage with so many people serving in the military. At Eclipse, 1,249 men and 152 women had gone off to fight. 36 of them died in service. Because of the labor shortage, many of the plant’s new employees were women. In fact, there were more women working as hourly-rated employees at the plant at one time than there were men.

    The total war contracts for the Eclipse Machine Division during World War II amounted to $176,800,000, or over $2 billion today. The Elmira Heights plant produced millions of 1.1 projectiles, 23,100,000 automatic time fuses for anti-aircraft shells, 22,500 20mm aircraft cannon, 10,775,000 anti-aircraft shells, 52,000 magnetos for aircraft, and over 22,000 fuel injection pumps.

    When I was in high school and college (62-70) the plant made the Bendix electric fuel pumps that got real popular. Still a little manufacturing left there but a lot of the old plant has been torn down. Sign out front now reads Motor Components Facet Purolator - I think they have been sold and reorganized more times than I change my socks. Still making electric fuel pumps.

    I should see if they made the fuel pump that failed and caused my Dad to have a dead stick landing in a gully while doing touch and goes at what is now Duchess County Airport - then a satellite strip for Stewart Air Base in 1944 while in flight training. He and the IP totaled the AT-6. Known failure mode - I have a copy of the accident report that was exactly as he always told the story. Except he never told me he did not have part of his harness hooked and got written up for it. For totaling he also was awarded - in formation - the Royal Japanese Piss Pot - a beat up pot on a string. He got to wear it until someone else had an accident and then got to pass it along.

    Dale

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    Motorcar-engine starter gear system is known in Uruguay as “el béndix”; nobody knows who Bendix was, the
    system dates from perhaps a century ago, is made now by many others but the name stuck.

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    Quote Originally Posted by johnoder View Post
    Still have a "wind-up" starter (non electrical or inertial ) starter - I'll have to see if they made it

    This is the one you can see the ground crew winding these up for all they are worth in old movies / films

    Yep - an old Eclipse Series 11. Eclipse was a division of Bendix - states it was made in Bendix, New Jersey (a part time name for Teterboro ).

    These are the hand cranked jobs with the amazing step up gearing that gets a 7" flywheel going like crazy before you engage the starter clutch - assuming you have a few stalwarts outside the aircraft willing to crank it up to speed
    You can see one in action in the 1941 Warner Brothers film DIVE BOMBER with Errol Flynn & Fred MacMurray. Some of it was shot on the USS Enterprise (CCV-6) in one scene there launching Curtiss SDP-3 biplanes. (One of the last biplanes to serve with the US Navy)

    John in your post you say that you have a "wind up starter (non-electrical or inertial) starter" then you say it's a "hand cranked job with the amazing step up gearing thats gets a 7" flywheel going like crazy before you engage the starter clutch"

    Isn't this an inertial starter?

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    Quote Originally Posted by duckfarmer27 View Post
    During World War II, the Eclipse plant in Elmira Heights was part of the United States’ “arsenal for democracy.”
    Very interesting! I don't think I've ever read the numbers and totals, mostly just 'heard some details' from older guys telling stories about the plant. Not sure if they still build Bendix starter drives there anymore, but yes, still electric fuel pumps. Possibly carburetors in the '50-60's and work done on the first electronic automotive fuel injection systems. I knew a guy that worked at the plant as an engineer in the '60's involved with said fuel injection electronic systems. He also worked for a while for Conelec. see below...

    Interesting side note:
    A company called Conelec, spun off by a couple engineers there was located in Elmira. Specialized in automotive electronic fuel injection systems. A page about the company: You are visting the best 1968 Shelby webpage !!!
    Years ago a neighbor that worked as a toolmaker at Bendix (Elmira Heights) gave me a box of several new Bendix fuel pumps and in the box was also a new Conelec pump.

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